Managing Hazardous Waste

We strengthen regulations and streamline waste management

Facility Fees

Generally: H&SC Sections 25205.1 through 25205.4 and 25205.12 through 25205.14 and 25205.17 through 25205.21)

Any facility treating, storing or disposing of hazardous waste in California must have a hazardous waste facility permit. The facility fee due is determined by the type or types of permits held by a facility operator. California Assembly Bill (AB) 1772 (Chapter 1325, Statutes of 1992) created permit levels that allow facilities that pose a lesser threat to public health and the environment to handle hazardous waste under certain conditions without being required to secure a full permit (H&SC Section 25205.7) or pay facility fees (H&SC Section 25205.2).

Five Permitting Tiers

The following is a brief summary of each of the five tiers. Currently, California has a five-tiered permitting program which matches the statutory/regulatory requirements imposed upon each category of hazardous waste facility to the degree of risk posed by them. The five permitting tiers, in descending order of regulatory oversight are:

  • Full Permit Tier
  • Standardized Permit Tier
  • Permit by Rule (PBR) Tier
  • The Conditional Authorization (CA) Tier
  • The Conditional Exemption (CE) Tier

Full Permit Tier

Includes all facilities requiring a RCRA permit, plus selected California only (non-RCRA) activities pursuant to Title 22 California Code of Regulations (22 CCR)

Standardized Permit Tier

A facility that manages waste not regulated under RCRA, but regulated as a hazardous waste in California (i.e., non-RCRA hazardous waste). These facilities include, but are not limited to recyclers, oil transfer stations, and precious metal recyclers. Onsite facilities not regulated under RCRA (e.g., generators that treat their hazardous waste) are also eligible for a Standardized Permit.

Permit by Rule (PBR) Tier

A non-RCRA onsite treatment permit for specific waste streams and treatment processes, such as concentrated metal-bearing wastes, concentrated acids or alkalis, wastes posing multiple hazards, and silver recovery.

Conditional Authorization (CA) Tier

A non-RCRA hazardous waste onsite treatment authorization for specific waste streams such as metal-bearing waters, and mostly single-hazardous wastes, some neutralization, and oil/water separation.

Conditional Exemption (CE) Tier

A non-RCRA hazardous waste onsite treatment authorization for small-quantity treatment and other low-risk treatment, including oil-water separation, container rinsing or destruction, gravity settling, and some neutralization.

Reducing or Terminating Facility Fees

Full and Standardized permitted facilities may be entitled to a reduction in fees when:

  • Size: The facility notifies DTSC in writing and pledges to operate at a reduced capacity, below the amount the permit allows (H&SC Section 25205.18).
  • Type: A facility that changes the type of authorization must do so using a Permit Modification, for example from treatment to storage. A reduction in the type of authorization may result in lower facility fees H&SC Section 25205.19).
  • Timing: Facility fees for facilities reducing their capacity or type would be reduced in the next calendar year following the year the change occurs (H&SC Section 25205.19(b)).

Closing Facilities and Ceasing Operations

Closing Facilities – All facilities that are closing must notify DTSC in writing of their intent to close and when operations actually ceased.  (H&SC Sections 25205.2(d)(4), 25201.5(d)(8); and 22 CCR Division 4.5, Chapter 14, Article 7 or Chapter 15, Article 7 and Chapters 20, 21 and 45). A facility shall not be deemed to have stopped treating, storing or disposing of hazardous waste unless it has actually ceased that activity and has notified the department of its intent to close.

Non-Operating Facilities Ceasing Operations – Non-operating treatment or storage facilities owe the Facility Fee for one calendar year after they have ceased operations and notified DTSC of their intent to close. The Facility Fee rate for this additional year after final closure shall be either:

  1. the largest facility size rate at which the facility has ever been subject to the fee; or
  2. where prior approval was obtained from, and granted by DTSC for a variance, closure, or permit-by-rule, the largest facility size rate since the department last granted approval for such variance, closure or permit-by-rule. (H&SC Section 25205.2(d)(2))

Non-operating disposal facilities pay twice the applicable full permit Facility Fee for one additional reporting period after operations have ceased. (H&SC Section 25205.2(d)(3))

Full Permit Facility Fee

(H&SC Sections 25205.1(b) and 25205.2 through 25205.7)

Each operator of a facility will pay an annual Facility Fee for each reporting period, or any portion thereof, to CDTFA based on the size and type of the facility. Facility means any units or other structures, and all contiguous land, used for the treatment, storage, disposal, or recycling of hazardous waste for which a permit or a grant of interim status has been issued by DTSC for that activity.

Facility Fees are due and payable to CDTFA annually in two installments each at 50% of the annual Facility Fee. CDTFA will mail prepayment forms to registered fee payers approximately 30 days prior to the due dates. The rates specified in Table 4 are for CY 2019 and are adjusted annually to reflect changes in the CPI as determined by the Department of Industrial Relations.

Table 4: Full Permit Facility Fee for CY 2020

Due Dates

  • Two Prepayments:
    • February 28, 2020 (during the reporting period)
    • August 31, 2020 (during the reporting period)
  • Reconciliation:
    • February 28, 2021 (any remaining balance)
  • Base Rate $35,453

Facility TypesRateFee
Mini storage facility25% base rate$ 8,863
Small storage facility100% base rate$ 35,453
Large storage facility2 x base rate$ 70,906
Mini treatment facility*50% base rate$ 17,727
Small treatment facility*2 x base rate$ 70,906
Large treatment facility* (onsite/offsite)3 x base rate$106,359
Disposal facility10 x base rate$354,530

*“Land treatment units” as defined in H&SC Section 25209.1 pay an annual fee equivalent to two percent of the land disposal fee (See Disposal Fee previous page) in addition to the annual Facility Fee, which is due at the same time as the Facility Fee. (H&SC Section 25209.7)

Definitions for Full Permit Facilities: (H&SC Section 25205.1)

Note: The term “capacity” referred to in the definitions below is the capacity provided in a permit, interim status document or Federal Part A application.

  • Mini-storage facility A storage facility that stores or has the capacity to store 0.5 ton (1,000 pounds) or less of hazardous waste during any one month of the current reporting period.
  • Small storage facility A storage facility that stores more than or has the capacity to store more than 0.5 ton (1,000 pounds), but less than 1,000 tons, of hazardous waste during any one month of the current reporting period.
  • Large storage facility A storage facility that stores or has the capacity to store 1,000 or more tons of hazardous waste during any one month of the current reporting period.
  • Mini-treatment facility A treatment facility that treats, land treats, or recycles, or has the capacity to treat, land treat, or recycle 0.5 ton (1,000 pounds) or less of hazardous waste during any one month of the current reporting period.
  • Small treatment facility A treatment facility that treats, land treats, or recycles, or has the capacity to treat, land treat, or recycle more than 0.5 ton (1,000 pounds), but less than 1,000 tons, of hazardous waste during any month of the current reporting period.
  • Large treatment facility A treatment facility that treats, land treats, or recycles, or has the capacity to treat, land treat, or recycle 1,000 or more tons of hazardous waste during any one month of the current reporting period.
  • Disposal Facility Any units, structures and all contiguous land, used for the disposal of hazardous waste, for which a permit or grant of interim status has been issued by DTSC pursuant to Article 9 of Chapter 6.5 of Division 20 of the Health and Safety Code. “Disposal” includes only the placement of hazardous waste onto or into the ground for permanent disposition and does not include the placement of hazardous waste in surface impoundments or onto or into the ground solely for purposes of land treatment.

Full Permit Fees do not apply to the following: (H&SC Sections 25205.2, 25205.3 and 25205.12)

  1. Facilities operating under a standardized permit, permit-by-rule, or conditional exemption.
  2. Facilities authorized by DTSC to clean and recycle excavated underground storage tanks until an effective date of a regulation, adopted by DTSC, governing the statewide requirements for the issuance of a permit for tank cleaning and recycling facilities. Standards for tank systems and underground storage tank closure requirements can be found in section 67383.3 of Title 22 CCR and section 2672 of Title 23 CCR.
  3. A facility that DTSC has issued a variance from the requirement of obtaining a hazardous waste facility permit or grant of the Interim Status Documents (ISD) is not subject to the fee for any reporting period following the reporting period in which the variance was granted by the department.
  4. Treatment facilities engaging in treatment exclusively to accomplish a removal, or remedial action or a corrective action, in accordance with an order issued by the U.S. EPA or an order issued by DTSC pursuant to H&SC Section 25187 (order for corrective action) if the facility was put in operation solely for the purposes of complying with the order.
  5. Any household hazardous waste collection facility operated pursuant to Article 10.8 of Chapter 6.5 of Division 10 of the Health and Safety Code.
  6. Any facility operated by a local government agency, or by any person operating a hazardous waste collection program under an agreement with a public agency, which is used for wastes which meets the requirements of H&SC Section 25174.7(a)(3) [local vector control agency generated hazardous waste].
  7. That portion of a permitted solid waste facility which is used for the segregation, handling, and storage of hazardous waste separated from solid waste loads received by the facility, pursuant to a load checking program.
  8. A facility used solely for the treatment, storage, disposal, or recycling of hazardous waste that results when a public agency or its contractor investigates, removes, or remedies a release of hazardous waste caused by another person.
  9. A facility that has been issued a permit for storing hazardous waste onsite, and whose permit has expired, if all the following has occurred:
    1. The facility has received no waste from offsite since the permit expired;
    2. The owner or operator gave DTSC timely notification of intent to close the facility, pursuant to regulations adopted by DTSC;
    3. At least 90 days have elapsed since the owner or operator gave DTSC that notification; and
    4. DTSC did not complete its review of the closure plan within 90 days of receiving the notification.
  10. An operator who is operating in such a manner that a permit or a grant of interim status is required, but who does not hold a permit or a grant of interim status, is not required to pay facility fees. However, the operator could be subject to fines and penalties for operating without a permit or a grant of interim status. If the facility is allowed to operate pursuant to an order requiring the facility to obtain a permit within a specified amount of time, the order may also require fees to be paid while the permit issuance is pending as a condition of operation.

Postclosure Permit Facility Fee

(H&SC Sections 25205.4(c)(9) and 25247(d)(3))

Postclosure Fee applies to Full Permit facilities with postclosure permits. The fee also applies at the time of commencement of the postclosure period to a facility owner or operator when DTSC imposes a postclosure plan in the form of an enforcement order or enforceable agreement. Facilities are required to report their facility size on a Hazardous Waste Facility Fee Return provided by CDTFA . Table 5 are CY 2020 postclosure permit facility fees. These fees are not subject to annual CPI adjustment.

Table 5: Postclosure Permit Facility Fee for CY 2020

Due Dates

  • Two Prepayments:
    • February 28, 2020 (during the reporting period)
    • August 31, 2020 (during the reporting period)
  • Reconciliation:
    • February 28, 2021 (any remaining balance)

DTSC-Lead Sites*

 During first five years of postclosure periodDuring remaining years of postclosure period
Small Facility$ 5,725$ 3,050
Medium Facility$11,450$ 6,100
Large Facility$17,175$10,300

*These fees will be reduced by 50 percent for any facility for which an agency other than DTSC (i.e., a Regional Water Quality Control Board) is the lead agency. (H&SC Section 25204.6(b)(1))

Standardized Permit Facility Fee

(H&SC Sections 25201.6 and 25205.4(e))

California SB 27 (Chapter 410, Statutes of 1993) created the standardized permit tier. Standardized permits are only for non-RCRA facilities. Each facility will pay an annual Facility Fee in addition to the Activity Fee (see Activity Fees H&SC Section 25205.7) assessed upon application for a permit or renewal. The amount of the annual Facility Fee is determined by the size and series designation of the facility. All Facility Fees will be billed by CDTFA. All Activity Fees will be billed by DTSC. Table 6 lists the Facility Fees for a Standardized Permit in CY 2020. Standardized permit Facility Fees are not subject to annual CPI adjustment.

Table 6: Standardized Permit for CY 2020

Due Dates

  • Two Prepayments:
    • February 28, 2020 (during the reporting period)
    • August 31, 2020 (during the reporting period)
  • Reconciliation:
    • February 28, 2021 (any remaining balance)

Series A$11,730
Series B$ 5,497
Series C$ 4,617
Small Quantity Series C$ 2,308

Definitions for Standardized Permit Facilities:

(H&SC Sections 25201.6 and 25205.4(e)(4))

“SERIES A” Standardized Permit means a permit issued to a facility that meets one or more of the following conditions:

  1. The total influent volume of liquid hazardous waste treated is greater than 50,000 gallons per calendar month.
  2. The total volume of solid hazardous waste treated is greater than 100,000 pounds per calendar month.
  3. Where both liquid and solid hazardous wastes are being treated, either the total volume of liquid waste treated exceeds the volume specified in number one (1) above, or the total weight of solid hazardous waste treated exceeds the weight specified in number two (2) above.
  4. The total facility storage design capacity is greater than 500,000 gallons for liquid hazardous waste.
  5. The total facility storage design capacity is greater than 500 tons for solid hazardous waste.
  6. Where both liquid and solid hazardous waste are being stored, the total volume of liquid waste stored exceeds the volume specified in number four (4) above, or the total volume of solid hazardous waste stored exceeds the volume specified in number five (5) above.
  7. A volume of liquid or solid hazardous waste is stored at the facility for more than one calendar year.

SERIES B” Standardized Permit means a permit issued to a facility that does not store liquid or solid hazardous waste for a period of more than one calendar year, and that meets one or more of the following conditions:

  1. The total influent volume of liquid hazardous waste treated is greater than 5,000 gallons but less than 50,000 gallons per calendar month.
  2. The total volume of solid hazardous waste treated is greater than 10,000 pounds but less than 100,000 pounds per calendar month.
  3. Where both liquid and solid hazardous wastes are being treated, the total volume of liquid hazardous waste treated does not exceed the volume specified in number one (1) above, and the volume of solid hazardous waste treated does not exceed the volume specified in number two (2) above.
  4. The total facility storage design capacity is greater than 50,000 gallons but less than 500,000 gallons for liquid hazardous waste.
  5. The total facility storage design capacity is greater than 100,000 pounds but less than 500 tons for solid hazardous waste.
  6. Where both liquid and solid hazardous wastes are being stored, the total volume of liquid hazardous waste stored does not exceed the volume specified in number four (4) above, and the total volume of solid hazardous waste stored does not exceed the volume specified in number five (5) above.

“SERIES C” Standardized Permit means a permit issued to a facility that does not store liquid or solid hazardous waste for a period of more than one calendar year, that does not conduct thermal treatment of hazardous waste, with the exception of evaporation, and meets all of the following conditions:

  1. The total influent volume of liquid hazardous waste treated does not exceed 5,000 gallons per calendar month.
  2. The total volume of solid hazardous waste treated does not exceed 10,000 pounds per calendar month.
  3. Where both liquid and solid hazardous wastes are being treated, the total volume of liquid hazardous waste treated does not exceed the volume specified in number one (1) above, and the total volume of solid hazardous wastes treated does not exceed the volume specified in number two (2) above.
  4. The total facility storage design capacity does not exceed 50,000 gallons for liquid hazardous waste.
  5. The total facility storage design capacity does not exceed 100,000 pounds for solid hazardous waste.
  6. Where both liquid and solid hazardous waste are being stored, the total volume of liquid hazardous waste stored does not exceed the volume specified in number four (4) above, and the total weight of solid hazardous waste stored does not exceed the weight specified in number five (5) above.

“SMALL QUANTITY SERIES C” Standardized Permit Facility is a facility that treats less than 1,500 gallons or 3,000 pounds of waste in a month, or can store less than 15,000 gallons or 30,000 pounds of waste.

Permits-By-Rule (PBR)

(H&SC Section 25205.14(a) and Section 67450.3 of Title 22 CCR)

The PBR tier allows onsite treatment of non-RCRA and RCRA-exempt hazardous waste. This tier is for more hazardous and higher volume waste streams and processes than the Conditional Authorization or Conditional Exemption tiers.

PBR authorizations for Fixed Treatment Units (FTU) are processed through the local CUPA (or DTSC in a non-CUPA jurisdiction), while Transportable Treatment Units (TTU) are processed through DTSC (see below for definitions of FTU and TTU). TTUs require site-specific notification to DTSC prior to conducting treatment at any site

Once authorized under PBR, you will be billed annually, until the unit (both FTU and TTU) has been certified closed and you submit the FTU closure certification to your CUPA or your TTU closure certification to DTSC. Also, if you operate during any part of a calendar year, you may be billed a PBR fee for the entire year. Note: Each CUPA may institute a single fee system that allows for a single billing to cover the costs of oversight and inspection of your FTU hazardous waste management activities (treatment, storage and disposal).

Conditional Authorization or Conditional Exemption

(H&SC Section 25205.14(b) and (c))

The two forms of authorization in the lowest tier are Conditional Authorization and Conditional Exemption.

Conditional Authorization

The Conditionally Authorized tier allows onsite treatment of non-RCRA and RCRA-exempt hazardous waste. This tier is limited to single-hazard wastes and treatment in the unit cannot exceed 5,000 gallons or 45,000 pounds in a calendar month. However, there is no volume limit for treatment of specified dilute aqueous, acidic, alkaline, or oily wastes.

  • Only Fixed Treatment Units (FTUs) are eligible for authorization under this tier, while Transportable Treatment Units (TTUs) are not (see below).

Conditional Exemption

The Conditionally Exempt tier allows onsite treatment of non-RCA and RCRA-exempt hazardous waste. This tier is for smaller quantities or less risky waste and treatment methods. This tier includes

Conditionally Exempt:

  • Small Quantity Treatment (TTU or FTU eligible)
  • Specified Waste Streams (TTU or FTU eligible)
  • Commercial Laundries (FTU only)
  • Limited (FTU only)

Fixed Treatment Units & Transportable Treatment Units

Fixed Treatment Unit (FTU)

An FTU is any equipment that performs hazardous waste treatment and is permanently stationed at a single facility regardless of the period or frequency of treatment. FTUs may be authorized under the Permit by Rule tier, the Conditionally Authorized tier and the Conditionally Exempt tier.

FTU Conditional Authorizations and Conditional Exemptions are processed through the local CUPA (or DTSC in non-CUPA jurisdictions). Once authorized, you will be billed annually by your local CUPA until the unit has been certified closed and you submit your closure certification to your CUPA. If you operate during any part of a calendar year, you may be billed a fee for the entire year.

Your CUPA can provide you with more specific fee information as fees may vary with each county. Note: Each CUPA may institute a single fee system that allows for a single billing to cover the costs of oversight and inspection of your hazardous waste management activities (treatment, storage and disposal).

Table 7: Fixed Treatment Unit Fee CY 2020 for Non-CUPA Jurisdictions Only

Due Date: 30 Days after billing by CDTFA
Reporting period begins January 1 each year

Type of PermitFee
Permit by Rule$1,719 per unit
Conditional Authorization$1,719 per unit
Conditional Exemption$$38 per unit*

* Not subject to CPI adjustment

Transportable Treatment Unit (TTU)

A TTU Unit is any mobile equipment that performs onsite treatment of hazardous waste using proven treatment processes. A TTU is transported to a facility to perform a treatment and is not permanently stationed at a single site. TTUs may be authorized under the Full Permit tier, the Standardized Permit tier, the Permit by Rule tier and the Conditionally Exempt tier.  Full Permit and Standardized Permit tier rates are listed below in this Fee Summary.

A TTU operating under either the Specified Waste Streams or Small Quantity Treatment Conditional Exemption must obtain authorization through DTSC and requires both a unit-specific and site-specific notification to DTSC prior to conducting treatment at any site. Once authorized, you will be billed annually until the TTU has been certified closed and you submit the TTU closure certification to DTSC. Also, if you operate the TTU during any part of a calendar year, you may be billed a fee for the entire year.

TTU fees are authorized per treatment unit and not per facility. The rates specified in Table 8 are for CY 2020 and are adjusted annually to reflect changes in the CPI as determined by the Department of Industrial Relations.

Table 8: Transportable Treatment Unit Fee CY 2020

Due Date: 30 Days after billing by CDTFA
Reporting period begins January 1 each year

Type of PermitFee
Permit by Rule$1,719 per unit
Conditional Authorization$1,719 per unit
Conditional Exemption$$38 per unit*

* Not subject to CPI adjustment