Managing Hazardous Waste

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Requirements for Handlers and/or Recyclers

Definition of Handler and Recycler


A universal waste handler is defined in Section 66273.9* as a

  1. A generator of universal waste;
  2. The owner or operator of a facility that receives waste (including e-waste) from other universal waste handlers, accumulates universal waste, and sends universal waste to another universal waste handler, destination facility, or foreign destination; or
  3. The owner or operator of a facility who is authorized to treat universal waste according to (Section 66273.71*)


A handler who performs a treatment to change the composition of electronic devices, CRTs, CRT glass, or residual printed circuit boards. These treatment processes include dismantling electronic devices; removing yokes from CRTs; physical treatment such as cutting, breaking, shredding; physical separation based on properties such as size density, ferromagnetism; use of pinpoint torch/hot wire; and sampling, burning, ball milling.

Requirements Information

There are four requirements to consider before becoming an e-waste handler or recycler:

1. Notification of Intent to Handle

You must submit a one-time notification to DTSC at least 30 days in advance for any location where you plan to accept electronic devices, bare CRT panels, or CRT glass from an off-site source — including a collection event (Section 66273.32(c)*).

Recyclers of e-wastes have additional requirements:

  • You submit a one-time notification to DTSC at least 30 days prior to treatment (Section 66273.74(a)(1)*).
  • You must provide evidence that the property owner is aware of the recycling activities, if the operator of the facility is not the property owner (Section 66273.74(a)(1)(j)*).
  • Depending on the type of treatment activity, a recycler may be required to submit various additional documents with their notification, including a closure plan, a closure cost estimate, and certain financial documents (Section 66273.76*). When they decide to cease operation, these recyclers are required to notify DTSC prior to closure and again after closure (Section 66273.77*).

2. Waste Management

Handlers and recyclers must manage e-waste in compliance with DTSC’s universal waste regulations. These regulations specify which handling and recycling activities that are allowed and which are prohibited (Sections 66273.71-.73*).

The regulations also spell out requirements for managing (Section 66273.33.5*) and accumulating e-waste (Section 66273.35*), training personnel who handle e-waste (Section 66273.36*), recordkeeping and tracking (Section 66273.39*), and labeling of containers (Section 66273.34*).

E-waste recyclers are required to comply with additional recordkeeping (Section 66273.74(c)*) and treatment standards (Section 66273.75*),· Your facility is subject to inspection by DTSC (Health and Safety Code Section 25185(a)) (opens new window).

3. Annual Report

Handlers and recyclers that exceed any of the following limits in a calendar year are required to submit an electronic or hard copy annual report to DTSC (Section 66273.32(d)*).

Annual Reports are due Feb. 1 of each year for all facilities, including collection events.

  • Accept from off site more than 100 kilograms (220 pounds) of electronic devices, bare CRTs, and CRT glass
  • Generate more than 5,000 kilograms of electronic devices (which could be approximately 200 CRT devices)

An annual report must be submitted for each location where e-waste was generated or accumulated in quantities above the specified limits during the previous calendar year.

4. Export Notification

DTSC regulations require a universal waste handler who exports electronic devices (including CRT devices), CRTs and CRT glass that is destined for recycling at a CRT glass manufacturer or a primary or secondary lead smelter to notify DTSC. If the electronic device include “covered electronic devices” (CEDs), the Public Resource Code Section 42476.5 requires that additional information be submitted to DTSC. Exports of CRT devices, CRTs or CRT glass may require notifications directly to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) with a copy to DTSC.

The specific state and federal notifications that apply depend on the types of electronic wastes to be exported, as well as their intended disposition when they reach their ultimate foreign destination. This table may be helpful to you in determining which set or sets of requirements apply to your situation. See our guidance document for export requirements.

As of February 4, 2009, export activity cannot begin sooner than 60 days after the export reporting requirements have been completed.

Forms for E-waste Recyclers and Handlers

All notifications must be submitted using our online notification system or via hard copy using the following forms:

*This section is found in Chapter 23 of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations.