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Alternatives Analysis Examples

The California Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) has reviewed 13 publicly available examples of alternatives assessments prepared by various industry groups and regulatory agencies. DTSC’s goal was to identify areas within each example that illustrate various aspects of the SCP Alternatives Analysis regulatory requirements. More in-depth information on each example is available by clicking the “View Commentary” link. For details on how the examples were reviewed and the areas recommended for improvement, please visit the Alternatives Assessments: Examples and Lessons Learned document.

Important Note: These examples and the accompanying document are advisory in nature, informational in content, and intended to assist responsible entities that are conducting an Alternatives Analysis. The evaluation of examples does not constitute a standard or regulation, and creates no new legal obligation. It does not alter or determine compliance responsibilities set forth in statutory and regulatory requirements.

Alternatives Assessment Examples Review

Group:
Some Candidate Chemical groupings on the Informational List have been taken directly from an authoritative list (e.g., “Gas oils” on the PBiT List from Environment Canada).

DTSC has grouped other chemicals on the Informational List according to recognized similarities (e.g., PCBs, dioxins, and furans).

Hazard Trait:
This is when the intrinsic property of a chemical cause adverse effects in humans, animals, or in ecological communities.

See definition in section 69501.1(a)(36), which references the definition in Chapter 54 of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations

ID Examples Areas Highlighted
1 NPE in all-purpose cleaner
Author: BizNGO
Date: November 2013

• Product requirements
• Identification of relevant factors
• Initial screening
• Life cycle impacts
• Data gaps and uncertainty

View commentary

2 Bisphenol A in thermal paper
Author: Design for the Environment, US EPA
Date: September 2015

• Product requirements
• Identification of alternatives
• Human health hazard
• Data gaps and uncertainty
• Decision-making

View commentary

3 Flame retardants in printed circuit boards
Author: Design for the Environment, US EPA
Date: August 2015

• Product requirements
• Identification of alternatives
• Identification of relevant factors
• Human health hazard
• Exposure
• Data gaps and uncertainty
• Decision-making

View commentary

4

PBDE (DecaBDE) in electronic enclosures
Author: Washington Department of Ecology and Department of Health
Date: January 2006

• Identification of alternatives
• Human health hazard
• Data gaps and uncertainty
• Economic impacts

View commentary

5 Copper in antifouling paint
Author: ToxServices and Washington Department of Ecology
Date: March 2015

• Initial screening
• Exposure
• Data gaps and uncertainty
• Decision-making

View commentary

6 Methylene chloride in paint stripper
Author: University of California, Santa Barbara and Department of Toxic Substances Control
Date: February 2016

• Identification of alternatives
• Exposure
• Life cycle impacts
• Data gaps and uncertainty

View commentary

7 Bisphenol A in multiple applications
Author: SUBSPORT
Date: March 2013

• Initial screening

View commentary

8 Perchloroethylene used as dry-cleaning solvent
Author: Toxics Use Reduction Institute (TURI)
Date: June 2012

• Product requirements
• Identification of alternatives

View commentary

9 Phthalates used as plasticizers in PVC
Author: Healthy Building Network (HBN)
Date: September 2014

• Initial Screening
• Data gaps and uncertainty

View commentary

10 Glitazone-T used as a medicinal drug (case study #2, Page 177-194)
Author: National Research Council (NRC)
Date: October 2014

• Human health hazard
• Decision-making

View commentary

11 Sodium dichromate used as Corrosion inhibitor in ammonia absorption deep cooling system
Author: Lanxess Elastomers
Date: October 2015

• Product requirements
• Identification of alternatives
• Data gaps and uncertainty
• Economic impacts

View commentary

12 TCE used as solvent for textile manufacturing
Author: Vlisco Netherlands BV
Date: May 2014

• Product requirements
• Identification of alternatives
• Initial screening

View commentary

13 Copper in antifouling paint
Author: Techlaw, Northwest Green Chemistry and Washington Department of Ecology
Date: October 2017

• Product requirements
• Identification of alternatives
• Initial screening
• Exposure
• Data gaps and uncertainty

View commentary