Safer Products

We are working toward Safer California households, workplaces and products

Exposure Information

Government Links – Exposure Information

Australian National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (NICNAS)

NICNAS performs risk assessments on various industrial chemicals and provides information for their safe use. It created a series of Priority Existing Chemical Assessment reports as well as New Chemical Assessments, which include data on chemical properties, human and environmental hazards, toxicology, uses, and exposures.

California Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR), Pesticide Data Index Database

DPR’s library of pesticide data includes more than 76,000 volumes of data containing more than 210,000 studies. Pesticide studies submitted to DPR have been indexed into a database using several different criteria. It provides information about all products containing the pesticide, including a subsection for just the active products.

California Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR), Product/Label Database

DPR’s Product/Label Database contains information concerning all pesticide products registered in California. It includes registrant name and address, chemical ingredients, product names, site/pest category uses, pesticidal type, formulation code, registration status, dates, and other types of information.

California Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR), New California Product Registrations

The New California Product Registrations is a search engine that lists pesticide products registered in California the past 12 months.

California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA), California Wildlife Biology, Exposure Factor, and Toxicity Database (Cal/Ecotox)

The Cal/Ecotox is a compilation of physiological and ecological parameters and toxicity data for a number of California mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and fish. It was created as an information source for risk assessors conducting ecological risk assessments in California. The database is searchable by chemical or species and complete reports by species are available.

California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA), Cal Biomonitoring

The California Biomonitoring Program selects specific priority chemicals and collects blood, urine, or other human samples to analyze the prevalence and levels of these chemicals and/or their metabolites in the state population. The list priority chemicals is available and the results from the program will be publicly accessible in the upcoming years.

Center for Disease Control (CDC), National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Biomonitoring

CDC National Biomonitoring Program (USA) is part of the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Program. Human biomonitoring study results are published as reports (text/pdf) together with background information about the chemical analytes. The biomonitoring data are available as part of the NHANES dataset, which can be obtained from CDC.

International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS), Chemical Safety Information from Intergovernmental Organizations (INCHEM)

IPCS INCHEM is an invaluable tool that focuses on safety and the sound management for a wide range of commercial chemicals. It consolidates current, internationally peer-reviewed chemical safety-related publications and database records from international bodies, for public access.

New Zealand Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (HSNO) Chemical Classification Information Database (CCID)

The CCID details the chemicals classified in accordance with the HSNO regulations and is an implementation of the GHS. The CCID is used by industry to classify formulated products and can be used to formulate less hazardous products by providing the classification information on potential alternative components. The CCID provides chemical identification information, hazard classifications and classification data.

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Pollutant Release & Transfer Registers (PRTR)

A Pollutant release and Transfer Register (PRTR) is a national or regional environmental database or inventory of hazardous chemical substances and pollutants released to air, water and soil, and transferred off-site for treatment or disposal. PRTR is a key tool for governments to provide the public with data regarding the amount of hazardous chemicals and pollutants released to air, water and soil and transferred off-site for treatment or disposal. OECD maintains a database containing PRTRs.

Substances in Preparations in Nordic Countries (SPIN)

SPIN is a database on the use of Substances in Products in the Nordic Countries. The database is based on data from the Product Registries of Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland. It contains data on the usage, range of use, and trends of national usage.

Swedish Chemicals Agency (KEMI), Flow Analyses of Chemical Substances

The KEMI flow chart analyses provide accounts of imported, manufactured and exported quantities of the substance/group of substances. Each chart also contains facts about the substance’s methods of production, patterns of use and physical data. The flow analyses of chemical substances are official statistics, mainly based on data from the Swedish Chemicals Agency’s Products Register.

Swedish Chemicals Agency (KEMI), Restricted Substances Database of Sweden

The Restricted Substances Database is an aid to rapidly search rules on prohibitions and other restrictions on use in Sweden that apply to individual chemical substances or groups of substances in the Swedish Chemicals Agency’s area of activity. The information contained in the database is limited to the specific provisions that apply to individual chemical substances or groups of substances.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

UNEP provides a vast array of materials including a Resource Kit on Sustainable Consumption & Production, a Life Cycle Initiative, and reports on various environmental topics. The Resource Efficiency Program also recently launched the Global Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) Clearinghouse, which consists of a large collection of materials revolving around SCP.

United Nations, Globally Harmonized System (GHS)

The GHS is a classification scheme for chemicals to consistently communicate hazard information about chemicals world-wide. The GHS includes harmonized criteria for classifying substances and mixtures according to their health, environmental and physical hazards, as well as harmonized requirements for labeling and safety data communication.

U.S. EPA ACToR (DSSTox, ExpoCast, ToxCast and ToxRefDB)*

ACToR (Aggregated Computational Toxicology Resource) is EPA’s online warehouse of all publicly available chemical toxicity data and can be used to find all publicly available data about potential chemical risks to human health and the environment. ACToR aggregates data from over 1000 public sources on over 500,000 environmental chemicals searchable by chemical name, other identifiers and by chemical structure. Includes chemical structure, physico-chemical values, in vitro assay data and in vivo toxicology data. Includes, but not limited to, high and medium production volume industrial chemicals, pesticides (active and inert ingredients), and potential ground and drinking water contaminants.

*Note that all the EPA Ofc of R&D Tools have been grouped here under ACTor as they are all linked and can be searched simultaneously.

U.S. EPA, Center for Exposure Assessment Modeling (CEAM)

The EPA Center for Exposure Assessment Modeling (CEAM) provides proven predictive exposure assessment techniques for aquatic, terrestrial, and multimedia pathways for organic chemicals and metals. A wide range of analysis techniques is provided, ranging from simple desk-top techniques suitable for screening analysis, to sophisticated, state-of-the-art continuous simulation models. CEAM distributes environmental simulation models and databases for urban and rural nonpoint sources, conventional and toxic pollution of streams, lakes and estuaries, tidal hydrodynamics, geochemical equilibrium, and aquatic food chain bioaccumulation.

U.S. EPA, Council for Regulatory Environmental Modeling (CREM)

This site has been removed by the US EPA.

The CREM promotes scientific integrity and defensibility in the modeling principles, practices, and guidance which inform environmental and public health regulatory decision-making and research applications. The Council works toward encouraging quality practices and principles in modeling, including higher expectations in the state-of-the art applications of modeling. It also strives toward consistency and consensus as appropriate among modeling experts, model developers, and model users within the Agency while fostering the development and application of integrated modeling both across EPA and the greater environmental modeling community.

U.S. EPA, Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT) Chemical Data Access Tool (CDAT)

Compilation of chemical-specific information submitted to EPA under the TSCA. The tool enables search in the following databases:

  • CDR: This database includes non-confidential information on the manufacture (including import), process and use of chemicals reported under the Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) rule.
  • eDoc: The eDoc database includes a broad range of health and safety information reported by industry under TSCA Sections 4,5, 8(d), and 8(e).
  • TSCATS: The TSCA Test Submissions (TSCATS) database is an online index to unpublished, nonconfidential studies covering chemical testing results and adverse effects of chemicals on health and ecological systems.
  • HPVIS; The High Production Volume Information System (HPVIS) is a database that provides access to health and environmental effects information obtained through the High Production Volume (HPV) Challenge.
  • Declassified CBI; This database includes health and safety studies and other information submitted to EPA in which chemical identities have been declassified. The declassified documents can be found by searching (CDAT).

U.S. EPA, Toxics Release Inventory Explorer

Toxics Release Inventory Explorer (TRI) tracks the management of over 650 toxic chemicals that pose a threat to human health and the environment. U.S. facilities in certain industry sectors that manufacture, process, or otherwise use these chemicals in amounts above established levels must report how each chemical is managed through recycling, energy recovery, treatment, and releases to the environment. A “release” of a chemical means that it is emitted to the air or water, or placed in some type of land disposal. The information submitted by facilities to the EPA and states is compiled annually as the Toxics Release Inventory or TRI, and is stored in a publicly accessible database in Envirofacts.


U.S. EPA, Chemical Screening Tool for Exposures & Environmental Releases (ChemSTEER)


This free evaluation tool estimates occupational inhalation and dermal exposure to a chemical and environmental releases of the chemical from manufacturing, processing and uses of the chemical. The user provides data regarding the physical properties of the chemical and may select predefined use profiles or specify the particular manufacturing use operations; the model uses this information to estimate exposure and releases resulting from the specified use conditions.

U.S. EPA, Exposure and Fate Assessment Screening Tool (E-FAST)


This free tool provides screening-level estimates of the concentrations of chemicals released to air, surface water, landfills, and from consumer products. The user may select or specify exposure modules and enters information about the chemical’s properties and fate to obtain human potential dose rates for exposure to the chemical. The tool estimates potential inhalation, dermal and ingestion dose rates for a wide variety of chemical exposure routes and estimates the number of days per year that an aquatic ecotoxicological concern concentration will be exceeded for organisms in the water column. Modeling.

U.S. EPA, High Production Volume Information Service (HPVIS)

This service has been removed by the US EPA.

Screening data voluntarily submitted to EPA for HPV chemicals.

United States Geological Survey (USGS)

The USGS is a federal science organization that provides impartial information on the health of ecosystems and environment, the natural hazards, the natural resources, and the impacts of climate and land-use change. It also examines the resulting factors that affect ecological and human exposure to disease agents. USGS provides scientific information and tools (including maps, imagery, and publications) as a basis for management and policy decision making.

Washington State, Children’s Safe Products Act (CSPA) Reports
CSPA Search Database:

CSPA requires a list of chemicals on which manufacturers must report, called the Reporting List of Chemicals of High Concern to Children. Chemicals on the list are toxic and have either been found in children’s products or have documented presence in human tissue (blood, breast milk, etc.); however, their presence is not necessarily indicative of risk of harm. The manufacturers’ reports are searchable by chemical, product code, or company with information about chemical concentrations.

Private Sector Links – Exposure Information

American Cleaning Institute, Consumer Product Ingredient Safety: Exposure and Risk Screening Methods for Consumer Product Ingredients, 2nd Edition

The consumer products industry has exposure information and screening methods that can be of value in viewing chemical hazard data from an exposure perspective and thereby facilitate prioritization of chemicals for further risk evaluation, as appropriate. The industry’s unique consumer exposure information, which is based on the formulation and use of consumer products, is presented in this book and is recommended for use in risk screening analysis.

Battelle Memorial Institute, prepared for the American Chemistry Council, Design of the Comprehensive Chemical Exposure Framework (CCEF) and Identification of Research Needs for American Chemistry Council

The CCEF will be used to house models, algorithms, and databases associated with micro-environmental exposure modeling. The research needs are defined for representative high volume compounds that could be involved in home and work exposure scenarios defined specifically for this study. These exposure scenarios were used to guide the types of models, algorithms, and databases required to evaluate each scenario. Model and process flow diagrams were developed for each exposure scenario, and research gaps were identified based on publicly available information.

Non Governmental Organization Links – Exposure Information

No links at this time.

Academic Links – Exposure Information

Carcinogen Exposure (CAREX) Canada

CAREX Canada is a national surveillance project that estimates the number of Canadians exposed to substances associated with cancer in workplace and community environments. These estimates provide support for targeting exposure reduction strategies and cancer prevention programs. CAREX Canada also creates chemical profiles for these substances containing regulations and guidelines, exposure data, properties, and uses in a Canadian Workplace Exposure Database. It provides mapping tools to examine environmental and occupational exposures and related sources.